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Sermon No: 70347-The Bible



Johnray-Rennie/The-Bible.jpg

SERMON TOPIC: The Bible

Speaker: Johnray Rennie

Language: ENGLISH

Date: 22 May 2020

Topic Groups: BIBLE, COLLEGE

Sermon synopsis: Why do we study the Bible?

It is a life fulfilling activity.
It is a life enriching activity. (John 10 v 10)
It increases our ability to witness to others.
It is the chief/main way in which God speaks to us.
It protects us against well-constructed heresies
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SERMON OVERVIEW:

Divisions of the Old and New Testament

Why we study the Bible?

It is a life fulfilling activity.

It is a life enriching activity. (John 10 v 10)

It increases our ability to witness to others.

It is the chief/ main way in which God speaks to us.

It protects us against well-constructed heresies

Definitions

Text

This is the actual written structure (words) of any document

Autograph

This is the original/ actual first written document of a writer.

Manuscript

This is a document that is written in the language of the original autograph. (for example: Paul wrote the book of Romans in Greek. Therefore, an ancient manuscript of Romans will be written in the Greek language)

Version

This is a translation of a manuscript into any other language

Translation

Is the process of taking the words written in one language and rewriting them into the same words, expressing the same thoughts, in another language.

Transliteration

The practice of writing alphabetical characters of one language in order to make a word sound the same for the alphabetical characters of another language/ may include creating a new word for the second language

Paraphrase

The practice of conveying the thoughts of an original text/ spoken word by re-wording them.

Bible

From the Greek word ‘biblia’. Originally referring to the outer coat of a papyrus reed plant in Egypt.

Testament

An English word, translated from the Hebrew word meaning ‘covenant or arrangement between two parties’

The Bible is divided into the Old Testament which has 39 books and the New Testament which has 27 books.

Old and New Testament Types of Division

Division of the books by content

Division of the books by inspired writers

Division of the books by period of history/ dates of writings

Division of the books by the purpose of the writings

Divisions of the Old Testament

Jesus gave a general division of the Old Testament in Luke 24 v 44: “These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the law of Moses and the prophets and the psalms concerning me.”

The Jews generally divide what we call the Old Testament into the “law and the prophets”

The Old Testament is a collection of books written in different ways and at different times . Some of the books were written as poetry, some as stories, some as law and a few as prophecies.

Although we don’t know all the human authors for each book, we trust the early Jews who accepted them as inspired because their authors had been proven to be men of God by the prophecies they spoke and the miracles they performed.

Throughout history, various more divisions and sub-division have been made by scholars which include the books being put in groups according to style and content.

The Law:

The Jews refer to these books as the Torah.

They are also referred to with the Greek word: Pentateuch. Which means five volumes.

History

These are the twelve books in the Old Testament which record the history of the Jewish people

It covers a period starting around 1 400 BC (which the Jews first entered the land of Palestine) and ends about 440 BC. (when the Jews rebuilt Jerusalem)

Wisdom/ Literature

These five books are sometimes referred to as Poetry

They give us insight into the Jewish mindset of the time

Exercise

Who wrote the following books?

…..………………wrote the book of Deuteronomy

……………..……wrote the book of Haggai

………………..…wrote the book of Job

…………….…....wrote the book of Proverbs

…………….……wrote the book of Jeremiah

…………….……wrote the book of Numbers

Answers

Moses

Haggai

Job

Solomon

Jeremiah

Moses

Divisions of the Old Testament by History

OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY

Date

Prophets

Books

1. CREATION

(?)

2. BEFORE THE FLOOD

(?)

Enoch

3. AFTER THE FLOOD

(?)

4. PATRIARCHAL

2000 B.C.

Job

5. EGYPTIAN BONDAGE

1871 B.C.

Moses

6. WILDERNESS EXILE

1441 B.C.

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

7. CANAAN CONQUEST

1401 B.C.

Joshua

8. JUDGES

1276 B.C.

Samuel

Joshua

9. UNITED KINGDOM

1051 B.C.

Samuel

Judges, Ruth, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, 1 & 2 Samuel

10. DIVIDED KINGDOM

913 B.C.

Elijah 875 - 850

Isaiah, Hosea, Joel, Amos

Elisha 850 - 800

Joel 840 - 830

Jonah 790 - 770

Amos 780 - 740

Hosea 760 - 720

Isaiah 745 - 695

Micah 740 - 700

11. JUDAH

721 B.C.

Isaiah 745 - 695

1 & 2 Kings, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah

Zephaniah 639 - 608

Nahum 630 - 610

Habakkuk 606 - 586

Jeremiah 626 - 586

12. BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY

606 B.C.

Daniel 606 - 534

Daniel, Ezekiel Obadiah

Ezekiel 592 - 570

Obadiah 587

13. RESTORATION

536 B.C.

Haggai 520 - 516

1 & 2 Chronicles, Nehemiah, Esther, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

Zechariah 520 - 516

Malachi 450 - 400

14. BETWEEN THE TESTAMENTS

440 B.C.

15. JOHN & JESUS

4 B.C.

John & Jesus

Divisions of the Old Testament by Purpose

Book

Author

Purpose

1. THE LAW

Genesis

Moses

Beginning of Major Historical events

Exodus

Moses

God Establishes a Covent with Israel

Leviticus

Moses

God's Laws for Israel

Numbers

Moses

Israel's Journey to Palestine

Deuternomy

Moses

Re-affirmation of Gods Laws for Israel

2. HISTORY

Joshua

(?)

Judges

(?)

Israel's conquest of Canaan & Repentance

Ruth

(?)

Re-affirmation of the Messianic Genealogy

1 Samuel

Samuel

Establishment of the Israelite Monarchy

2 Samuel

Samuel

History of David's Reign

1 Kings

Jeremiah

Division of the Israelite Kingdom

2 Kings

Jermiah

History of the Divided Kingdom

1 Chronicles

Ezra (?)

History of David's Reign

2 Chronicles

Ezra (?)

History of the Southern Kingdom

Ezra

Ezra

Return from Babylonian Captivity

Nehemiah

Nehemiah

Rebuilding of Jerusalem

Esther

Mordechai (?)

Jew's Deliverance from Extermination

3. WISDOM / LITERATURE

Job

Job

The Problem of Suffering

Psalm's

David & others

Devotional Praises of God

Proverb

Solomon of David

Wisdom of Godly Living

Ecclesiastes

Solomon

The Vanities of Life

Song of Solomon

Solomon

Beauty of Marriage

4. THE PROPHETS

Major Prophets

Isaiah

Isaiah

Rebuke & Messianic Hope for Israel

Jeremiah

Jeremiah

Judgement upon Judah

Lamentations

Jeremiah

Lamentation over Jerusalem's Destruction

Ezekiel

Ezekiel

Calamity is the result of Israel's sin

Daniel

Daniel

God is superior to pagan gods

Minor Prophets

Hosea

Hosea

Righteousness of God and doom of Israel

Joel

Joel

Appeal to seek God by Repentance

Amos

Amos

Doom of Israel because of apostasy

Obadiah

Obadiah

Judgement on Edom

Jonah

Jonah

One God of all nations

Micah

Micah

Doom of Samaria & Jerusalem because of sin

Nahum

Nahum

Judgement of Nineveh

Habakkuk

Habakkuk

Faith is our guarantee against destruction

Zephaniah

Zephaniah

God's judgement is for all men

Haggai

Haggai

Rebuilding of the temple

Zechariah

Zechariah

reconstruction of the temple

Malachi

Malachi

Final warnings and restoration of Israel

Divisions of the New Testament

There are 27 books in the New Testament. These books or epistles were originally letters written to certain individuals or churches.

All these books/ letters were written in the first century A.D.

It was accepted that these letters were written by ‘God-inspired’ , men. Therefore, they were copied and preserved until they were put together into one collection called: The New Testament.

The 27 books/ letters of the New Testament are grouped according to their general content because each letter was written for a specific purpose.

Matthew to John were written to show the early life of Jesus.

Acts was written to give answers concerning the early church.

Roman to Jude were written to deal with church behaviour.

Revelation was written to encourage the church in times of trouble.

As with the Old Testament, all New Testament letters were inspired by the Holy Spirit.

The apostle Peter, considered Paul’s writings as scripture. (2 Peter 3 v 15 – 16)

Paul confirmed that everyone should recognise “that the things which I write to your are the commandments of the Lord” (1 Cor 14 v 37)

Although it is difficult to determine the exact date for the writing of each book, it is accepted that all the books of the New Testament were completed by the close of the first century.

Divisions of the New Testament by Purpose of Writing

Book

Author

Approximate Date

1. The life of Jesus

Matthew

Matthew

A.D. 60

Mark

John Mark

A.D. 65 - 70

Luke

Luke, the physician

A.D. 60

John

John, the apostle

A.D. 60 - 70

2. History of the Early Church

Acts

Luke, the physician

A.D. 61 - 63

3. Letters to Churches

Romans

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 56 - 59

1 Corinthians

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 54 - 55

2. Corinthians

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 54 - 56

Galatians

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 56 - 58

Ephesians

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 61 - 63

Philippians

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 61 - 63

Colossians

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 61 - 63

1 Thessalonians

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 50 - 52

2 Thessalonians

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 50 - 52

1 Timothy

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 61 - 63

2 Timothy

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 67

Titus

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 67

Philemon

Paul, the apostle

A.D. 61 - 63

Hebrews

Paul, (???)

A.D. 64 - 68

James

James, Jesus' brother

A.D. 62 - 63

1 Peter

Peter, the apostle

A.D. 63 - 66

2 Peter

Peter, the apostle

A.D. 65 - 67

1 John

John, the apostle

A.D. 60 - 70

2 John

John, the apostle

A.D. 60 - 70

3 John

John, the apostle

A.D. 60 - 70

Jude

Jude, Jesus' brother

A.D. 65 - 67

Revelation

John, the apostle

A.D. 65 - 96

Remember

The books of the Bible were not written at the same time or place.

We consider all the books of the Bible to be written under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.

The Old Testament books were written over a period of 1 000 years and the New Testament books were written over a period of about 30 years.

There are four major divisions of the Old Testament and 4 major divisions of the New Testament. All were decided on by men and based on the nature of the books.

It is difficult to determine the exact date each book was written, especially with books of prophecy.

If a book is claimed to have been written after the fulfilment of prophecy, then the book can be accepted as history instead.

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