EXODUS 20:3 “YOU SHALL HAVE NO OTHER GODS BEFORE ME.
EXODUS 20:4 “YOU SHALL NOT MAKE FOR YOURSELF AN IDOL IN THE FORM OF ANYTHING IN HEAVEN ABOVE OR ON THE EARTH BENEATH OR IN THE WATERS BELOW.
3. EXODUS 20:7 “YOU SHALL NOT MISUSE THE NAME OF THE LORD YOUR GOD, FOR THE LORD WILL NOT HOLD ANYONE GUILTLESS WHO MISUSES HIS NAME.
4. EXODUS 20:8 “REMEMBER THE SABBATH DAY BY KEEPING IT HOLY.
Man’s relationship with God
1. EXODUS 20:12 “HONOR YOUR FATHER AND YOUR MOTHER, SO THAT YOU MAY LIVE LONG IN THE LAND THE LORD YOUR GOD IS GIVING YOU.
2. EXODUS 20:13 “YOU SHALL NOT MURDER.
3. EXODUS 20:14 “YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY.
4. EXODUS 20:15 “YOU SHALL NOT STEAL.
EXODUS 20:16 “YOU SHALL NOT GIVE FALSE TESTIMONY AGAINST YOUR NEIGHBOR.
EXODUS 20:17 “YOU SHALL NOT COVET YOUR NEIGHBOR’S HOUSE. YOU SHALL NOT COVET YOUR NEIGHBOR’S WIFE, OR HIS MANSERVANT OR MAIDSERVANT, HIS OX OR DONKEY, OR ANYTHING THAT BELONGS TO YOUR NEIGHBOR.”
Man’s relationship with man
John 1:17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
Gal 2:15-21 “We who are Jews by birth and not ‘Gentile sinners’ know that a man is not justified by observing the law, but by faith in Jesus Christ. So we, too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by observing the law, because by observing the law no one will be justified. I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness could be gained through the law, Christ died for nothing!”
Rom 6:14 For sin shall not be your master, because you are not under law, but under grace.
Was the law made obsolete by the new covenant?
Romans 3:20 Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin.
Gal 3:24 So the law was put in charge to lead us to Christ that we might be justified by faith.
Roman 7:7-12 What shall we say, then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! Indeed I would not have known what sin was except through the law. For I would not have known what coveting really was if the law had not said, “Do not covet.” But sin, seizing the opportunity afforded by the commandment, produced in me every kind of covetous desire. For apart from law, sin is dead… So then, the law is holy, and the commandment is holy, righteous and good.
What then was the
purpose of the Law?
Matt 5:17-20 “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished. Anyone who breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I tell you that unless your righteousness
surpasses that of
the Pharisees and
the teachers of
the law, you will
certainly not enter
the kingdom of
The fulfilment of the Law
A: Love (of God & fellow man)
Luke 10:25-28 On one occasion an expert in the law stood up to test Jesus. “Teacher,” he asked, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?”
“What is written in the Law?” he replied. “How do you read it?”
He answered: ”‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’; and, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ ”
“You have answered correctly,” Jesus replied. “Do this and you will live.”
Q: What is the fulfilment of the Law?
Rom 13:8-10 Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for he who loves his fellowman has fulfilled the law. The commandments, “Do not commit adultery,” “Do not murder,” “Do not steal,” “Do not covet,” and whatever other commandment there may be, are summed up in this one rule: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” Love does no harm to its neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.
Gal 5:13-14 You, my brothers, were called to be free. But do not use your freedom to indulge the sinful nature; rather, serve one another in love. The entire law is summed up in a single command: “Love your neighbour as yourself.”
What is the fulfilment of the Law?
Lk 18: 18-27 A certain ruler asked him, “Good teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?”
“Why do you call me good?” Jesus answered. “No one is good—except God alone. You know the commandments: ‘Do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal, do not give false testimony, honor your father and mother.’ ”
“All these I have kept since I was a boy,” he said.
Notice how Jesus only referred to the commandment relating to mans relationship with his fellow man.
Love the Lord your God
This man’s problem was his relationship
with God (he had another god i.e. money)
which Jesus reveals by the following
challenge to the man:
When Jesus heard this, he said to him,
“You still lack one thing. Sell everything
you have and give to the poor, and you
will have treasure in heaven. Then come,
When he heard this, he became very
sad, because he was a man of great
wealth. Jesus looked at him and said, “How hard it is for the rich to enter the kingdom of God! Indeed, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.”
Those who heard this asked, “Who then can be saved?”
Jesus replied, “What is impossible with men is possible with God.”
Luke 16:13 “No servant can serve two masters. Either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and Money.”
Luke 12:13-20 Someone in the crowd said to him, “Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me.”
Jesus replied, “Man, who appointed me a judge or an arbiter between you?” Then he said to them, “Watch out! Be on your guard against all kinds of greed; a man’s life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions.”
And he told them this parable: “The ground of a certain rich man produced a good crop. He thought to himself, ‘What shall I do? I have no place to store my crops.’
“Then he said, ‘This is what I’ll do. I will tear down my barns and build bigger ones, and there I will store all my grain and my goods. And I’ll say to myself, “You have plenty of good things laid up for many years. Take life easy; eat, drink and be merry.”’
“But God said to him, ‘You fool! This very night your life will be demanded from you. Then who will get what you have prepared for yourself?’ “This is how it will be with anyone who stores up things for himself but is not rich toward God.”
Matt 6:31-33 So do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them. But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.
Matt 10: 37 “Anyone who loves his father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; anyone who loves his son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me;
Matt 14:25-27 Large crowds were traveling with Jesus, and turning to them he said: “If anyone comes to me and does not hate his father and mother, his wife and children, his brothers and sisters—yes, even his own life—he cannot be my disciple. And anyone who does not carry his cross and follow me cannot be my disciple.
Lk 19:1-10 Jesus entered Jericho and was passing through. A man was there by the name of Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was wealthy. He wanted to see who Jesus was, but being a short man he could not, because of the crowd. So he ran ahead and climbed a sycamore-fig tree to see him, since Jesus was coming that way.When Jesus reached the spot, he looked up and said to him, “Zacchaeus, come down immediately. I must stay at your house today.” So he came down at once and welcomed him gladly.
All the people saw this and began to mutter, “He has gone to be the guest of a ‘sinner.’” But Zacchaeus stood up and said to the Lord, “Look, Lord! Here and now I give half of my possessions to the poor, and if I have cheated anybody out of anything, I will pay back four times the amount.”
Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because this man, too, is a son of Abraham. For the Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost.”
Who is my neighbour?
Luke 10: 27-36 He answered: ”‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’; and, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ ” “You have answered correctly,” Jesus replied. “Do this and you will live.”But he wanted to justify himself, so he asked Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”
>The Parable of the Good Samaritan<
“Which of these three do you think was a neighbor to the man who fell into the hands of robbers?”
The expert in the law replied, “The one who had mercy on him.”
Jesus told him, “Go and do likewise.”
Love your neighbour
Peter Millar & Michael Wittman
Do you think by loving your friends you are fulfilling the law and meeting God’s requirements? When Jesus spoke about coming to fulfill the law he gave some examples:
Matt 5:43-48 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ But I tell you: Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? And if you greet only your brothers, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that? Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
Rom 6:14-22 For sin shall not be your master, because you are not under law, but under grace. What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? By no means! Don’t you know that when you offer yourselves to someone to obey him as slaves, you are slaves to the one whom you obey—whether you are slaves to sin, which leads to death, or to obedience, which leads to righteousness? But thanks be to God that, though you used to be slaves to sin, you wholeheartedly obeyed the form of teaching to which you were entrusted. You have been set free from sin and have become slaves to righteousness. I put this in human terms because you are weak in your natural selves. Just as you used to offer the parts of your body in slavery to impurity and to ever-increasing wickedness, so now offer them in slavery to righteousness leading to holiness. When you were slaves to sin, you were free from the control of righteousness. What benefit did you reap at that time from the things you are now ashamed of? Those things result in death! But now that you have been set free from sin and have become slaves to God, the benefit you reap leads to holiness, and the result is eternal life.
Does grace give us a license to sin?
Do Christians keep the Ten Commandments?
1 John 5:21 Dear
children, keep yourselves
Rev 21: 8 But the
cowardly, the unbelieving,
the vile, the murderers,
the sexually immoral,
those who practice magic
arts, the idolaters and
all liars—their place will
be in the fiery lake of
burning sulfur. This is
the second death.”
1 Tim 1: 13-15 Even though
I was once a blasphemer and
a persecutor and a violent man,
I was shown mercy because
I acted in ignorance and
unbelief. The grace of our
Lord was poured out on me
abundantly, along with the
faith and love that are in
Christ Jesus. Here is a
trustworthy saying that
deserves full acceptance:
Christ Jesus came into the
world to save sinners—of
whom I am the worst.
Matt 5:34-37 But I tell you, Do not swear at all: either by heaven, for it is God’s throne; or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King. And do not swear by your head, for you cannot make even one hair white or black. Simply let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No’; anything beyond this comes from the evil one.
Colossians 2:16-17 Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day. These are a shadow of the things that were to come; the reality, however, is found in Christ.
Romans 14:5-6 One man considers one day more sacred than another; another man considers every day alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind. He who regards one day as special, does so to the Lord.
Colossians 3: 20-21 Children, obey your parents in everything, for this pleases the Lord. Fathers, do not embitter your children, or they will become discouraged.
Eph 6:1-3 Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. “Honor your father and mother”—which is the first commandment with a promise— “that it may go well with you and that you may enjoy long life on the earth.”
1 John 3:15 Anyone who hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life in him.
Matt 5:21-22 “You have heard
that it was said to the people
long ago, ‘Do not murder, and
anyone who murders will be
subject to judgment.’ But I
tell you that anyone who is
angry with his brother will be
subject to judgment. Again,
anyone who says to his
brother, ‘Raca,’ is answerable
to the Sanhedrin. But anyone
who says, ‘You fool!’ will be
in danger of the fire of hell.
Heb 13: 4 Marriage should be honored by all, and the marriage bed kept pure, for God will judge the adulterer and all the sexually immoral.
1 Cor 6:9 Do you not know
that the wicked will not inherit
the kingdom of God? Do not
be deceived: Neither the
sexually immoral nor idolaters
nor adulterers nor male
prostitutes nor homosexual
offenders… will inherit the
kingdom of God.
Matt 5:27-28 “You have
heard that it was said, ‘Do
not commit adultery.’ But I
tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
Eph 4:28 He who has been stealing must steal no longer, but must work, doing something useful with his own hands, that he may have something to share with those in need."
1 Cor 6:9 Neither … thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God.
Colossians 3:9-10 Do not lie to each other, since you have taken off your old self with its practices and have put on the new self, which is being renewed in
knowledge in the image
of its Creator.
Eph 4:25 25 Therefore
each of you must put
off falsehood and
speak truthfully to
Rev 21: 8 But … all
liars—their place will
be in the fiery lake
of burning sulfur.
it not be named
Matt 5:31-32 “It has been said, ‘Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.’ But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress, and anyone who marries the divorced woman commits adultery.
An Eye for an Eye
Matt 5:38-42 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. If someone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.
And more of the law fulfilled in the New Covenant
Jn13:34-35 “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. By this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.”
Gal 6:1-2 Brothers, if someone is caught in a sin, you who are spiritual should restore him gently. But watch yourself, or you also may be tempted. Carry each other’s burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ.
Gal 5:16-23 So I say, live by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the sinful nature. For the sinful nature desires what is contrary to the Spirit, and the Spirit what is contrary to the sinful nature. They are in conflict with each other, so that you do not do what you want. But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under law. The acts of the sinful
nature are obvious: sexual immo-
rality, impurity and debauchery;
idolatry and witchcraft; hatred,
discord,jealousy, fits of rage,
selfish ambition, dissensions,
factions and envy; drunkenness,
orgies, and the like. I warn you,
as I did before, that those who
live like this will not inherit the
kingdom of God. But the fruit
of the Spirit is love, joy, peace,
patience, kindness, goodness,
faithfulness, gentleness and self-
control. Against such things there is no law.
How is this all of this possible?
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