Jesus in the Old Testament - Part 5 - The ark

SERMON TOPIC: Jesus in the Old Testament - Part 5 - The ark

Speaker: Gavin Paynter

Language: ENGLISH

Date: 4 September 2016


Sermon synopsis: It’s apparent that the ark is a type of Jesus. The ark was a shelter and refuge from the storm.

Col 3:3 … your life is now hidden with Christ in God.

Just as the ark was God’s chosen method for saving the ancient world from judgement, so Jesus is God’s means of saving us from the coming judgement.

John 3:17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.

God had instructed Noah “make rooms in it and coat it with pitch inside and out” (6:14).

The pitch is a picture of the atonement. Like the pitch covered the ark, Jesus’ blood covers our sin. The word translated ‘coat’ is the Hebrew ‘kaphar’ (Strong’s 3722) can mean “cover over” (figurative). It is elsewhere translated appease, make atonement, pacified, forgiven or reconcile.

The word translated ‘pitch’ is the Hebrew ‘kopher’ (Strong’s 3724) can mean “the price of a life”. It is elsewhere translated ransom or satisfaction.

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Chiefly Christian theology a figure, episode, or symbolic factor resembling some future reality in such a way as to foreshadow or prefigure it. 1

A figure, representation, or symbol of something to come, such as an event in the Old Testament that foreshadows another in the New Testament. 1


One that is foreshadowed by or identified with an earlier symbol or type, such as a figure in the New Testament who has a counterpart in the Old Testament. 1

1 " antitype"> antitype


It has been said of the Old and New Testaments:

The New is in the Old contained - The Old is in the New explained

The New is in the Old concealed – The Old is in the New revealed.






The events in the Old Testament serve both as examples and warnings.

Paul says the following about Israel’s wanderings in the wilderness:

1 Cor 10:11 These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come.

Then we read of Noah who was saved from the judgment of God by entering the ark. All outside the ark perished in the flood.

Gen 7:20-23 The waters rose and covered the mountains to a depth of more than twenty feet. Every living thing that moved on the earth perished—birds, livestock, wild animals, all the creatures that swarm over the earth, and all mankind. Everything on dry land that had the breath of life in its nostrils died. Every living thing on the face of the earth was wiped out; men and animals and the creatures that move along the ground and the birds of the air were wiped from the earth. Only Noah was left, and those with him in the ark.


The ark is a type of Jesus. Just as those inside the ark were the only ones to be saved from God’s judgment, in the same way only those who put their trust in Jesus’ will escape the judgment of God.

Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because he has not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son. (John 3:18)

There were no animals or people born on the ark, despite the fact that they spent a year inside.

Likewise it has been said that God has no grand-children; He only has children. You cannot rely on your parents’ relationship with God to save you.

Ezek 18:20 The soul who sins is the one who will die. The son will not share the guilt of the father, nor will the father share the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous man will be credited to him, and the wickedness of the wicked will be charged against him.

If you were baptised as an infant, you are in error if you think that a parent can believe on behalf of a child – you have to have your own relationship with God.


According to extra-Biblical Jewish writings, Noah was mocked by others.

Quoting apocryphal and rabbinical literature, the Jewish Encyclopedia says of Noah:

On being informed of the end of the world, Noah exhorted his contemporaries to repentance, foretelling them that a flood would destroy the earth on account of the wickedness of its people….When the people asked him for what purpose he prepared so many trees, he told them that he was going to make an ark to save himself from the Flood which was about to come upon the earth. But the people heeded not his words, they mocked at him, and used vile language; and Noah suffered violent persecution at their hands.1

1 Sanh. 108a, b; Pirḳe R. El. xxii.; Gen. R. xxx. 7; Lev. R. xxvii. 5; "Sefer ha-Yashar," l.c.; see also Flood in Rabbinical Literature. SOURCE: " articles/ 11571-noah"> articles/ 11571-noah


Likewise some scoff at the coming judgment of God, having “forgotten” the previous judgments of God.

2 Pet 3:3-7 First of all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires. They will say, “Where is this ‘coming’ he promised? Ever since our fathers died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation.” But they deliberately forget that long ago by God’s word the heavens existed and the earth was formed out of water and by water. By these waters also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed. By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.


2 Pet 3:8-12 But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day. The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance. But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything in it will be laid bare. Since everything will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be? You ought to live holy and godly lives as you look forward to the day of God and speed its coming. That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat.


The ark had a door to let in those who were to be spared the wrath of God. But one day the ark’s door was closed by God and we are told that “Then the LORD shut him in.” (Gen 7:16)

Jesus is “the door” to salvation.

John 10:9 “I am the door; if anyone enters through Me, he will be saved…” (NASB)

But one day the door will be closed.



Then Noah built an altar to the LORD and, taking some of all the clean animals and clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it.

After the flood we read in Gen 8:20-21

The LORD smelled the pleasing aroma and said in his heart: “Never again will I curse the ground because of man, even though every inclination of his heart is evil from childhood. And never again will I destroy all living creatures, as I have done.”

Noah’s sacrifice was a “pleasing aroma” to God and prompted him to resolve to never again destroy all living creature because of man’s sin.

Likewise Jesus’ sacrifice of himself on the cross was a “fragrant offering” to God:

Eph 5:2 and live a life of love, just as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us as a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God.


The sacrifice of the “clean” animals by Noah pleased the Lord. Again it was a blood sacrifice, but only certain “clean” animals were acceptable.

Jesus too, was the only acceptable sacrifice to remove sin (not just cover it as in the OT). The “cleanness” speaking of his sinlessness.

1 John 3:5 But you know that he appeared so that he might take away our sins. And in him is no sin.

1 Peter 1:18-19 For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your forefathers, but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect.



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Scripture quotations taken from the NASB:

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