Sermon No: 188545-Salvation of God - Part 1

SERMON TOPIC: Salvation of God - Part 1



Speaker: Gavin Paynter

Language: ENGLISH

Date: 27 November 2022

Topic Groups: JUSTIFICATION, SOTERIOLOGY, SALVATION

Sermon synopsis: JUSTIFICATION: As satisfying the claims of the law, the atonement secured our pardon and righteousness.
Eph 1:7 (NKJV) In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins…
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Salvation of God

DEFINITION OF SALVATION: (from Latin: salvatio, from salva, 'safe, saved') is the state of being saved or protected from harm or a dire situation. In religion and theology, salvation generally refers to the deliverance of the soul from sin and its consequences. *

* https:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Salvation

INTRODUCTION

SOURCE OF SALVATION: MERCY

Daniel 9:9 (ESV) To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against him.

1 Tim 1:15-16 (NIV) … Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners—of whom I am the worst. But for that very reason I was shown mercy so that in me, the worst of sinners, Christ Jesus might display his immense patience …

MERCY

Napoleon had a practice of sending out troops to hunt down deserters. The captured men would be executed. On one occasion, a captured run-away awaiting death happened to be his own cook’s son. The old woman came before the general pleading for the life of her son.

Napoleon replied that justice demanded death. “But I don’t ask for justice,” the mother explained. “I plead for mercy.” “But your son does not deserve mercy,” Napoleon replied.

“Sir,” the woman cried, “it would not be mercy if he deserved it, and mercy is all I ask for.” The emperor was so touched by the astute response of the mother that he pardoned the soldier.

SOURCE OF SALVATION: GRACE

Titus 2:11 (ESV) For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation for all people.

Salvation is a gift given by grace.

Eph 2:8 (ESV) For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God

MERCY is God not giving us what we deserve (punishment).

GRACE goes further than MERCY. It is God then giving us what we do not deserve (unmerited favour and blessing).

MERCY & GRACE

MERCY & GRACE

In the dictionary, mercy is the compassion and kindness shown to someone whom it is in one's power to punish or harm. It is an act meant to relieve someone of their suffering.

Grace, on the other hand, is defined as courteous goodwill. Meaning it's not asked for nor deserved but is freely given.

MERCY & GRACE

The Prodigal Son came back to his father to ask for mercy.

His father not only gave him mercy by forgiving him, he extended grace by throwing a party for his penitent son, gives him the best robe, puts a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet.

MERCY & GRACE

The prodigal begs to be made a servant – instead he is reinstated as a son.

God does the same for us. He not only withholds just punishment for the repentant sinner (mercy); he gives many blessings that come with his grace and makes us his children.

LAW & GRACE

Grace is the distinguishing feature of the New Covenant:

For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

John 1:16-17 (ESV) For from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace.

4 BLESSINGS OF GRACE

All 4 blessings of GRACE were procured by the atoning death of Christ and the virtues of that death are imparted to man by the Holy Spirit.

JUSTIFICATION: Forgiven

REGENERATION: Born again – New life in Christ

SANCTIFICATION: Progressively becoming more Christ-like

GLORIFICATION: the final blessed and abiding state of the redeemed

Salvation operates both externally and internally.

EXTERNAL & INTERNAL

EXTERNAL

INTERNAL

Grace

Atoning work of Christ

Work of Holy Spirit

Justification

Righteousness of Christ is imputed to believers i.e. it is treated as if it were theirs through faith

Righteousness is imparted - gift given at the moment of new birth enabling a Christian to strive for holiness

Regeneration

Adoption - We receive the privilege of Divine sonship

New life – we are born again and become partakers of the Divine nature

Glorification

A new glorified body

A sinless nature

Sanctification

Separation from sin

Purification from sin

4 ASPECTS OF SALVATION

JUSTIFICATION: As satisfying the claims of the law, the atonement secured our pardon and righteousness.

REGENERATION: Born again (an event), suddenly we truly start to see things differently.

SANCTIFICATION: A lifelong process, Christ living within us should be reflected, and increasingly clear to others.

GLORIFICATION: the culmination of salvation and our final blessed and abiding state.

BORN

BORN AGAIN

Born as a baby into a human family

Justified, Regenerated (Born again into God’s family)

Progressive Sanctification

Progressive growing to mature adult

4 ASPECTS OF SALVATION

JUSTIFICATION: Eph 1:7 (NKJV) In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins

REGENERATION: 2 Cor 5:17 (NKJV) Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new.

SANCTIFICATION: 1 Pet 1:15 (NIV) But just as he who called you is holy, so be holy in all you do

GLORIFICATION: Rom 8:30 (NIV) … those he called, he also justified; those he justified, he also glorified.

THE PENALTY OF SIN AND THE POWER OF SIN

Justification

Declared not guilty

Regeneration

Born/ Adopted into God’s family

Sanctification

Growing to be more Christ-like

Glorification

Perfected

Free from POWER OF SIN

Free from PENALTY OF SIN

CONDITIONS OF SALVATION

Mark 1:15 (ESV) … and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel.”

The conditions for salvation are:

Repentance (turn your back on your sinful life)

Faith (believe that Christ has atoned for your sin)

Water baptism is the outward symbol of the convert’s inner faith.

Acts 2:38 (ESV) And Peter said to them, “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.”

Repentance is “the true sorrow for sin, with sincere effort to forsake it” or “being sorry enough to quit”.

There are 3 elements to repentance (a) Intellectual, (b) Emotional and (c) Practical.

Intellectual: A traveller learns that he is on the wrong train.

1. REPENTANCE

1. REPENTANCE

Emotional: The traveller is disturbed at the discovery.

2 Cor 7:10 (NIV) Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation and leaves no regret…

It is not enough to realise that you are on the wrong train and to be sorry about it – you’ll still get to the wrong destination.

1. REPENTANCE

Practical: He leaves the train at the first opportunity and boards the right train.

Matt 3:8 (NIV) Produce fruit in keeping with repentance.

Faith is both objective and subjective.

Faith sometimes denotes not only the act of believing a certain body of truth, but the entire body of truth itself - objective faith:

“preaches the faith which he once tried to destroy” (Gal 1:23)

“shall depart from the faith” (1 Tim 4:1)

the word of faith, which we preach” (Rom 10:8)

the faith once delivered to the saints” (Jude 3)

The act of believing these truths is subjective faith.

2. FAITH

2. FAITH

Faith means belief and trust.

Intellectual faith means the acknowledgement that the gospel facts are true.

Intellectual faith (in the mind only) is not enough.

James 2:19 (NIV) You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that--and shudder.

2. FAITH

Belief in the heart is essential. Heart faith means the willing dedication of one’s life to the obligations which those facts involve.

Rom 10:9 (ESV) because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.

OBJECT OF FAITH

Faith always has an object – i.e. that which you put your faith in.

In order for faith to be of any value, you must have a worthy object for your faith. True Biblical faith has Jesus as it’s object.

SALVATION:

2 Tim 3:14 (NIV) … salvation through faith in Christ Jesus.

And the ‘saving faith’ is specifically in Jesus’ sacrifice:

Rom 3:25 (NIV) God presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood…

OBJECT OF FAITH

JUSTIFICATION: Rom 3:26 (NIV) … the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus.

REGENERATION: Gal 3:26 (NIV) You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus

SANCTIFICATION: Jesus speaks of “those who are sanctified by faith in me.” (Acts 26:18, NIV)

GLORIFICATION: 2 Thess 1:4-5 (NIV) … we boast about your perseverance and faith in all the persecutions and trials you are enduring. All this is evidence that God’s judgment is right, and as a result you will be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which you are suffering.

BLESSINGS OF GRACE

JUSTIFICATION: Forgiven

REGENERATION: Born again – New life in Christ

SANCTIFICATION: Becoming Christ-like

GLORIFICATION: the final blessed and abiding state of the redeemed

NECESSITY FOR JUSTIFICATION

The word justification is a judicial term meaning to acquit.

Why do we need justification?

NECESSITY FOR JUSTIFICATION

The Gentile (pagans, without the Law) are under condemnation.

Rom 1:21-23,32 (NIV) For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened. Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images made to look like a mortal human being and birds and animals and reptiles … Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practice them.

NECESSITY FOR JUSTIFICATION

But the Jews (who are under the Law) are also condemned because no one can completely keep the Law.

Rom 2:17,25 (NIV) Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and boast in God… Circumcision has value if you observe the law, but if you break the law, you have become as though you had not been circumcised.

Rom 3:9 (NIV) … Jews and Gentiles alike are all under the power of sin.

NECESSITY FOR JUSTIFICATION

In fact, all men are condemned.

Rom 3:10 (NIV) As it is written: “There is no one righteous, not even one …”

Rom 3:23 (NKJV) for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God

PURPOSE OF THE LAW

IF WE’RE ALL GUILTY, HOW CAN THE LAW HELP US? While the Law is good, it cannot save us, because of our sinful nature:

Rom 8:3 (NIV) For what the law was powerless to do in that it was weakened by the sinful nature, God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful man to be a sin offering…

The Law in itself has no saving power any more than a thermometer has power to bring down the fever which it registers.

PURPOSE OF THE LAW

Unfortunately, the Jews came to exalt the Law as a means of salvation based on merit for the keeping of its precepts and the traditions added to it.

Rom 10:3 (NKJV) For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God.

They had misunderstood the purpose of the Law. They had come to trust in it as a means of spiritual salvation; ignoring the inherent sinfulness of their hearts, they imagined that they would be saved by the keeping of the letter of the Law.

Thus when Christ came offering them salvation from their sins they thought they had no need of such a Messiah.

John 8:32-34 (NIV) Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.” They answered him, “We are Abraham’s descendants and have never been slaves of anyone. How can you say that we shall be set free?” Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, everyone who sins is a slave to sin.

PURPOSE OF THE LAW

They thought he would prescribe some rigid requirement for eternal life. And they were unwilling to follow the way he indicated.

John 6:28-29 (NIV) Then they asked him, “What must we do to do the works God requires?” Jesus answered, “The work of God is this: to believe in the one he has sent.”

PURPOSE OF THE LAW

In making a journey, a train is a means to an end. We have no intention of making our home on the train – we are simply concerned with reaching our destination. When we reach the end of our journey we leave the train.

The Law was given to Israel to lead them to a destination and that end was trust in God’s saving grace. But when the Redeemer came, they acted like a man who refuses to leave the train when the destination has been reached, even though the conductor assures them that it is “the end of the line”. The Jews refused to move from their seats in the Old Covenant “train” although the New Covenant assured them that Christ is the “end of the Law”.

Rom 10:4 (NKJV) For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.

BUT WE REALLY HAVE ARRIVED!

PURPOSE OF THE LAW

What then is the purpose of the Law?

The law makes us conscious of sin:

Rom 3:20 (NIV) Therefore no one will be declared righteous in his sight by observing the law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin.

Rom 7:7 (NIV) What shall we say, then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! Indeed I would not have known what sin was except through the law. For I would not have known what coveting really was if the law had not said, “Do not covet.”

PURPOSE OF THE LAW

The Law leads us to Christ.

Gal 3:24 (NKJV) Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

Gal 3:24 (KJV) Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

GROUND OF JUSTIFICATION

Q:

How can God treat a sinner as a righteous person?

A:

God provides him with righteousness. The ground of justification is Christ’ righteousness.

Q:

But is it just to give the title of “good” and “righteous” to one who has not earned it?

A:

Jesus earned it for and on behalf of the sinner, who is declared righteous “through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus”.

GROUND OF JUSTIFICATION

Redemption means complete deliverance by a price paid.

Since man naturally lacks righteousness, it must be provided for him. It must be an imputed righteousness.

This righteousness was purchased by Christ’s substitutionary death.

3) Christ’s righteousness to man

1) Adam’s sin to man

2) Man’s sin to Christ

3 IMPUTATIONS

FAITH IS THE MEANS OF JUSTIFICATION

Phil 3:9 (NKJV) and be found in Him, not having my own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith

Justification by God’s grace through man’s faith removes two dangers:

The pride of self-righteousness and self-effort

The fear that one is too weak to “make the grade”

MEANS OF JUSTIFICATION

HERESY

LEGALISM: We are saved and enter God’s covenant by our good works and meticulous keeping of God’s Law.

TRUTH

ORTHODOXY: We are saved by grace through faith but we remain in the covenant by following the Law of Christ

HERESY

ANTINOMIANISM: We are saved and enter God’s covenant by grace through faith so our future actions do not matter as we are not bound by moral laws.

MEANS OF JUSTIFICATION

A contradiction has been imagined between the teaching of Paul and James, one apparently teaching that a person is justified by faith and the other that he is justified by works.

Paul:

Gal 3:11 (NIV) Clearly no one who relies on the law is justified before God, because "the righteous will live by faith.“

James:

James 2:26 (NKJV) For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.

MEANS OF JUSTIFICATION

The justification spoken of by Paul refers to the beginning of the Christian life.

James uses the word in the sense of that life of obedience and holiness which is the outward evidence that a person is saved.

Paul is combatting legalism, or dependence on works for salvation.

James is combatting antinomianism (Greek: against-law) or the teaching that it does not matter so much how one lives as long as he believes.

MEANS OF JUSTIFICATION

Martin Luther: An ape can cleverly imitate the actions of humans. But he is not therefore, a human.

MEANS OF JUSTIFICATION

If he became a human, it would undoubtedly be not by virtue of the works by which he imitated man but by virtue of something else; namely, by an act of God. Then, having been made a human, he would perform the works of humans in proper fashion.

Paul does not say that faith is without its characteristic works, but that it justifies without the works of the law. Therefore justification does not require the works of the law; but it does require a living faith, which performs its works.

JUSTIFICATION & PARDON

The word justification is a judicial term meaning to acquit or to declare righteous.

But is goes further, we are not only free from the penalty (acquitted or pardoned) but free from the crime (pronounced innocent) because our sin is imputed to Christ.

Justified – just as if I’d never sinned. Thus we are declared “not guilty”.

Rom 3:24 (NKJV) being justified freely by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,

Rom 3:24 (Living Bible) yet now God declares us “not guilty” of offending him if we trust in Jesus Christ, who in his kindness freely takes away our sins.

CONCLUSION

Albert Barnes (1798 –1870): Justification is the declared purpose of God to regard and treat those sinners who believe in Jesus Christ as if they had not sinned, on the ground of the merits of the Saviour.

It is not mere pardon. Pardon is a free forgiveness of past offenses. It has reference to those sins as forgiven and blotted out.

Justification has respect to the law, and to God’s future dealings with the sinner. It is an act by which God determines to treat him hereafter as righteous—as if he had not sinned.

The basis for this is the merit of the Lord Jesus Christ, merit that we can plead as if it were our own.

AUTHOR: Gavin Paynter

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