Sermon No: 169525-The name of Jesus - Part 1



SERMON TOPIC: The name of Jesus - Part 1

Speaker: Gavin Paynter

Language: ENGLISH

Date: 3 July 2022

Topic Groups: NAME OF JESUS, AUTHORITY, NAMES OF GOD

Sermon synopsis: Jesus or ‘Yeshua’ in Hebrew: means ‘salvation’.

She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus because he will save his people from their sins. (Matt 1:21, NIV)

Jesus also had the prophetic name Immanuel.

Matt 1:22-23 (NIV) All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: “The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel” (which means “God with us”).


THE NAME OF JESUS – Part 1

WHAT’S IN A NAME?

In Biblical times a name represented the very character or destiny of a person e.g., ‘Noah’ is derived from the Hebrew name ‘Noach’ meaning “rest, comfort”.

Gen 5:28-29 (NIV) … Lamech … had a son. He named him Noah and said, “He will comfort us in the labour and painful toil of our hands caused by the ground the LORD has cursed.”

And so the Bible often uses this type of phrase, “He / she was named ______ because …”

Gen 3:20 (NIV) Adam named his wife Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living.

The English name Eve is derived from Eva, in turn derived from the Hebrew Chavah/ Havah - chavah, to breathe, and chayah, to live, or to give life. *

* http:// en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/ Eve_(name)

Gen 16:11 (NIV) The angel … said to her: “You are now with child and you will have a son. You shall name him Ishmael, for the LORD has heard of your misery.”

In Hebrew the name ‘Ishmael’ means “God listens”.

She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus because he will save his people from their sins. (Matt 1:21, NIV)

Jesus or ‘Yeshua’ in Hebrew: means ‘salvation’.

Jesus also had the prophetic name Immanuel.

Matt 1:22-23 (NIV) All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: “The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel” (which means “God with us”).

NAMES WERE OFTEN TITLES

Rev 19:16 (ESV) On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.

Isa 9:6 (ESV) For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

WHERE JESUS’ NAME COMES FROM

Inheritance

Bestowal

A name can come in 1 of 2 ways:

Jesus obtained his name/ s in both ways.

WHERE JESUS’ NAME COMES FROM

1) INHERITANCE

When we are born into a family, we receive a name (the surname or family name) that was already there before we were born – by virtue of inheritance.

Heb 1:4 (NKJV) ... He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

This is a reference to the name “SON OF GOD”.

Heb 1:4-5 (NIV) So he became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs. For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father”? Or again, “I will be his Father, and he will be my Son”?

When Jesus was born, by inheritance he was THE SON OF GOD.

Luke 1:35 (NIV) The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.

1) INHERITANCE

When we inherit a name, it means that the name was already there before we were born.

Luke 2:21 (NKJV) And when eight days were completed for the circumcision of the Child, HIS NAME WAS CALLED JESUS, the Name given before He was conceived in the womb.

Christ (Christos in Greek) is Messiah (Maschiach in Hebrew or “Anointed One” in English.

Acts 10:38 (NKJV) how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him.

Some falsely assert that when Jesus was baptised and the Holy Spirit descended on him he “became the Christ”.

Jesus did not become the Son of God or the Christ at his baptism (Adoptionism). The voice of God the Father only confirmed Jesus’ position as Son of God; it did not make him the Son.

JESUS WAS CHRIST FROM BIRTH

Luke 2:10-11 (NKJV) Then the angel said to them, “… For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord.

Luke 2:25-26 (NKJV) Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon… It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord’s Messiah. (Christ)

JESUS WAS LORD BEFORE BIRTH

Even before birth, while he was still in Mary’s womb, Elizabeth says, “But why am I so favoured, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?” (Luke 1:43, NKJV)

In certain cases in Scripture, names were bestowed because the new name was more applicable to the destiny or character of the person involved. And so, in Genesis 17:5 Abram (Exalted Father) becomes Abraham (Father of many).

No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations.

2) BESTOWAL

In Genesis 17 God promises to make Abram the father of many nations.

Gen 17:3-5 (ESV) … And God said to him, “Behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations. No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father [Heb: ab] of a multitude [hamon] of nations.

God changes his name to Abraham which was a statement of faith for a childless man. If his original name of Abram (exalted father) was a misnomer, imagine telling others that he was now Abraham (father of a multitude).

God changes Sarai’s name too.

Gen 17:15-16 (ESV) And God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall be her name. I will bless her, and moreover, I will give you a son by her … she shall become nations; kings of peoples shall come from her.”

According to older commentators (Benson, Matthew Henry, Matthew Poole, Gill; also the lexicographer Gesenius)

Sarai means “my princess,” confining her honour to one family only.

Sarah signifies “a princess,” namely, of multitudes.

Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel, because you have struggled with God and with men and have overcome. (Gen 33:28)

Isn't he rightly named Jacob? He has deceived me these two times. (Gen 27:36)

Jacob or ‘Yakov’ in Hebrew means “holder of the heel” or “supplanter”. Later Jacob becomes ‘Israel’ or ‘Yisrael’, which in Hebrew means “one who prevails with God”.

‘Simon’ is the NT Greek form of the Hebrew name ‘Shimon’ which meant “he has heard” (Gen 29:33). Cephas (Aramaic: Képhas) and Peter (Greek: Petros) mean ‘stone’ or ‘boulder’. A boulder is strong and stands firm. The once impetuous and fickle Simon who denies Jesus later becomes a solid apostle in the early church.

“You are Simon son of John. You will be called Cephas” (which, when translated, is Peter - John 1:42)

Prince Charles was born with a great name by virtue of the fact that he is the son of the Queen of England.

Later a great name was bestowed on him – He was invested as Prince of Wales by The Queen on 1st July 1969 in a ceremony at Caernarfon Castle.

The title “Prince of Wales” is reserved exclusively for the heir apparent to the British throne.

Phil 2:9-11 (NKJV) Therefore God also has highly exalted Him, and GIVEN HIM THE NAME which is above every name, that at the Name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God ...

Jesus too was born with a great name and later on (as heir apparent) a great name was given to him.

So Jesus not only inherited an excellent name; he had a great name bestowed on him because of the things he achieved and accomplished.

Eph 1:20, 21 (NKJV) ... He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, far above all principality and power and might and dominion, and EVERY NAME that is named not only in this age but also in that which is to come.

2) BESTOWAL

Why was Jesus given a name above all names?

One of the things promised by Jesus to overcomers is a new name (Rev 2:17). Jesus also received a new name became was an overcomer; he conquered the kingdom of darkness.

1 John 3:8 (NIV) … The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil’s work.

Col 2:15 (NIV) And having disarmed the powers and authorities, he made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them by the cross.

Heb 2:14 (NKJV) ... that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil.

IN MY NAME: WHAT DOES IT MEAN?

REPUTATION & PRESTIGE

A person’s name represents their reputation, achievements and standing in life. When we mention a name, it immediately brings to mind all that.

If we know nothing about a person, their name is meaningless. If we know nothing about Jesus, his name will be empty to us. When we know Jesus, we have confidence in his name because of his reputation and prestige.

IN MY NAME: WHAT DOES IT MEAN?

The elders, the scribes, and Annas the high priest ask Peter and John by what authority they healed a sick man.

By what power, or in what name, have you done this? [Acts 4:7]

Note Peter’s reply:

… let it be known to all of you, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead—by this name this man stands here before you in good health.” [Acts 4:10, NASB]

Notice that the Jews wanted to know what power, or in what name, certain things were done. Peter said it was in the name of Jesus that the miracle had occurred. Therefore, we can clearly see that when someone speaks “in Jesus’ name” he is speaking about authority. *

Dictionary.com says of the term “in the name of”:

By the authority of, as in Open up, in the name of the law! [Late 1300s]

AUTHORITY

Even Michael, the captain of the armies of heaven (cf. Revelation 12) used the name of God against Satan.

Jude 8-10 (NIV) … these ungodly people … reject authority and heap abuse on celestial beings. But even the archangel Michael, when he was disputing with the devil about the body of Moses, did not himself dare to condemn him for slander but said, “The Lord rebuke you!” Yet these people slander whatever they do not understand…

The phrase “in Jesus’ name” is associated with the authority of Jesus imparted to a person where that person performs an action as if it were Jesus actually doing it. For example, a person might heal someone “in Jesus’ name,” or cast out a demon “in Jesus’ name,” or pronounce forgiveness of sins “in Jesus’ name,” etc. The action is accomplished by someone, but the power and the right to accomplish it is not one’s own. Instead, it is that which belongs to Christ and is associated with the individual who performs the action. *

AUTHORITY

Jesus Christ is the highest authority in the universe under God the Father. Jesus keeps everything together and makes everything work by the word of his authority. Everything in the universe is subject to Jesus.

Matt 28:18-19 (NKJV) ... ALL AUTHORITY has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. GO THEREFORE ...

Jesus delegated authority to his disciples:

To the 12:

Luke 9:1-2 (NIV) When Jesus had called the Twelve together, he gave them power and authority to drive out all demons ...

To the 72:

Luke 10:17–19 (ESV) The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!” And he said to them, “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall hurt you.”

He has given every believer the right to use this authority by the use of his name.

If the president gave you the right to use his name, the entire resources of the nation would be behind you and back you up.

The name of Jesus gives us the backing of all heaven - on earth.

Mark 16:17-18 (NKJV) ... these signs will follow those who believe; In MY NAME they will cast out demons; they will speak with new tongues…

AUTHORITY

SUFFERING FOR THE NAME

The apostles considered it an honour to suffer for the name of Jesus:

Acts 5:41 (NIV) The apostles left the Sanhedrin, rejoicing because they had been counted worthy of suffering disgrace for the Name.

Ananias was told of Paul, “I will show him how much he must suffer for my name.” (Acts 9:16, NIV)

Like the apostles, we should consider it an honour to suffer because of the name of Christ:

1 Peter 4:16 (NIV) However, if you suffer as a Christian, do not be ashamed, but praise God that you bear that name.

APPLICATION OF THAT NAME

1) SALVATION IN THAT NAME

Only the name of Jesus Christ brings salvation.

Acts 4:12 (NKJV) Nor is there salvation in any other: for there is no other name under heaven given among men, by which we must be saved.

1 John 5:13 (NIV) I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life.

Acts 8:12 (ESV) But when they believed Philip as he preached good news about the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women.

CONFESSING THE NAME

Rom 10:9-10 (NKJV) That if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes to righteousness and with the mouth confession is made to salvation.

When we confess the Lord Jesus Christ and all that is represented and invoked by his name, then our names become known in heaven.

Luke 12:8 (NKJV) Also I say to you, whoever confesses Me before men, him the Son of Man also will confess before the angels of God.

2) SALVATION , JUSTIFICATION & SANCTIFICATION IN THAT NAME

We are washed, sanctified, justified in the Name

1 Cor 6:11 (NKJV) And such were some of you: But you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.

We must believe on his name.

1 John 3:23 (NKJV) And this is His commandment, that we should believe on the name of his son Jesus Christ.

John 3:18 (ESV) Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God.

3) BAPTISM IN THAT NAME

Matt 28:19 (NKJV) Go therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.

Acts 2:38 (NKJV) Then Peter said to them: Repent and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins: and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

3) BAPTISM IN THAT NAME

To baptize in Jesus’ name simply means to do so by his authority. As the ambassadors and representatives of Jesus, we do what he authorized.

Acts 10:48 (NASB) And he ordered them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ …

Acts 8:16 (NASB) For He had not yet fallen upon any of them; they had simply been baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

Acts 19:5 (NASB) And when they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.

3) BAPTISM IN THAT NAME

There are some cults who baptize people “in Jesus’ name” instead of “in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit” as Jesus commanded in Matthew 28:19-20.

The reason they do this is that they believe that the proper baptismal formula is “in Jesus’ name” and will reference verses like Acts 19:5 … for their support. However, they mistakenly think that baptizing in Jesus’ name is a formula for baptism. They are incorrect. Instead, it is a designation of the authority to baptize in the name of Jesus according to what Jesus commanded in Matthew 28:19-20.*

* https:// carm.org/ about-jesus/ what-does-the-phrase-in-jesus-name-mean

4) CHURCH AUTHORITY IN THAT NAME

Matt 18:15-17 (NIV) “If your brother or sister sins, go and point out their fault, just between the two of you … But if they will not listen, take one or two others along… If they still refuse to listen, tell it to the church; and if they refuse to listen even to the church, treat them as you would a pagan or a tax collector. (CHURCH DISCIPLINE)

18 “Truly I tell you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven. (NOT SPIRITUAL WARFARE)

19 “Again, truly I tell you that if two of you on earth agree about anything they ask for, it will be done for them by my Father in heaven. (NOT PRAYER OF AGREEMENT)

20 For where two or three gather in my name, there am I with them.” (NOT ABOUT POORLY ATTENDED SERVICES)

4) CHURCH AUTHORITY IN THAT NAME

We see this principle applied by the apostles.

1 Cor. 5:4-5 (NASB) In the name of our Lord Jesus, when you are assembled, and I with you in spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus, I have decided to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of his flesh, that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.

4) CHURCH AUTHORITY IN THAT NAME

Hence “in the name of Jesus” designates authority.

2 Thess 3:6 (NIV) In the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, we command you, brothers and sisters, to keep away from every believer who is idle and disruptive and does not live according to the teaching you received from us.

THE FAMILY NAME

John 16:23 (NKJV) ... Most assuredly, I say to you, whatever you ask the Father in My name He will give you.

To ask in the name of Jesus Christ means “to ask in His merit. We come before God in Christ’s standing.” *

I come as his representative. When an ambassador goes to another country, he does not go in his own name. He goes in the name of his own government. He is a representative. * Paul said, “we are ambassadors for Christ” (2 Cor 5:20)

ASKING IN MY NAME: WHAT DOES IT MEAN?

It captures the Father’s attention.

Jesus Christ endorsed the use of his name when approaching the Father. It gives us a dimension of boldness and confidence.

John 16:26-27 (NIV) ... In that day you will ask in my name, and I do not say to you that I shall pray the Father for you: for the Father himself loves you, because you have believed that I came from God.

Not “for Jesus’ sake”

But in the name of Jesus Christ! – As if he himself were in prayer, so are we to pray.

ASKING IN MY NAME: WHAT DOES IT MEAN?

But what gives us the right to these things?

Inheritance! Every child, born into this world, has a legal right to a family name. This is by virtue of the fact that they have parents who brought them into this world. This is natural birth.

But the Holy Spirit allows people to be born spiritually.

John 3:6 (NIV) Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit.

INHERITANCE

1) BORN OF THE SPIRIT

Until we are born again, we are spiritually dead – that is, we are cut off from the life of God.

Outside of God’s family we have no rights, we are without God, we have no covenant, without inheritance and without hope.

Eph 2:12 (TEV) At that time you were apart from Christ. You were foreigners and did not belong to God’s chosen people. You had no part in the covenants, which were based on God’s promises to His people, and you lived in this world without hope and without God.

By the new birth which comes by the Spirit, we are placed within God’s family and we become the children of God.

2) BORN OF GOD’S WILL

Every human being is born naturally by the will of their parents. Similarly, every child of God is born spiritually by the will of their spiritual parent – that is, God the Father.

John 1:12-13 (NIV) Yet to all who did receive him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God— children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.

Here we see that we are given a certain right – to become children of God.

CHILDREN OF GOD

We are also given 2 conditions:

Receive the Lord Jesus

We must confess sin and receive Christ to be born of God.

Believe in his name

‘Believe’ means to ‘live out’ your faith, convictions and commitments. It is an action word. Believing in the name of Jesus Christ is to live according to the lineage, the heritage, the reputation and the achievements of Jesus.

This is possible because we have been born of the incorruptible seed. We are children of God and as such we have the family traits; we have the character and nature of our Father.

AUTHOR: Gavin Paynter

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Illustration from http:// www.freebibleimages.org

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Scripture quotations taken from the NASB: New American Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation Used by permission. (http:// www.Lockman.org)

Scripture quotations are taken from the ESV: Scripture quotations are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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